Physicians now can choose various options such as checkpoint inhibitors or personalized medications to kill cells and stop cell growth. These medicines can be given as an oral tablet or be given by injection or through an IV or a port. The medicines get into the bloodstream and circulate throughout the entire body.

Chemotherapy is done in repeated cycles to allow the body to recover between doses and affects people in different ways. Some have very few side effects, while others have more. Side effects have nothing to do with how well the treatment is working. Side effects usually begin to improve or go away as normal tissues repair themselves. This may start about three weeks after the treatment. Hair can start to grow back even before the treatment is finished.

Always tell your healthcare provider about any side effects that occur during chemotherapy, including extreme fatigue, bleeding, numbness and tingling in limbs (neuropathy), difficulty breathing, eating or drinking problems, problems with urination or bowel movements, memory loss and inability to focus, pain, infection and fever. Chemotherapy treatments may cause nausea and vomiting. Ask your healthcare provider about anti-nausea medications that may help.

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